During the tenth, eleventh and twelfth centuries, the Romanesque style became the one most often
used throughout Europe. The first letter of a chapter, called the "initial cap" was often very large, and
illuminators would create a painting showing a Bible story or historical event inside the initial cap.
The Romanesque style often included decorations using strange animals. The example of the
Romanesque style shown below is from a book called Gloss on the Psalms, created in the 12th
Here is a close-up view of the inital cap "D" from the page shown above. The painting inside the letter
is of King David, sitting on a throne, playing a harp. Notice how the top part of the letter is formed by a